Research perspectives: A look to the HyMeX program

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2012.9.06

Tethys no. 9 pp.: 53 - 63

Abstract

The international HyMeX (Hydrological Mediterranean Experiment) program aims to improve our understanding of the water cycle in the Mediterranean, using a multidisciplinary and multiscale approach and with emphasis on extreme events. This program will improve our understanding and our predictive ability of hydrometeorological hazards including their evolution within the next century. One of the most important results of the program will be its observational campaigns, which will greatly improve the data available, leading to significant scientific results. The interest of the program for the Spanish research groups is described, as the active participation of some of them in the design and execution of the observational activities. At the same time, due to its location, Spain is key to the program, being a good observation platform. HyMeX will enrich the work of the Spanish research groups, it will improve the predictive ability of the weather services, will help us to have a better understanding of the impacts of hydrometeorological extremes on our society and will lead to better strategies for adapting to climate change.

References

  • - Altava-Ortiz, V., Llasat, M. C., Ferrari, E., Atencia, A., and Sirangelo, B., 2011: Monthly rainfall changes in Central and Western Mediterranean basins, at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries, Int J Climatol, 31, 1943–1958, doi: 10.1002/joc.2204.
  • - Amaro, J., Gayà, M., Aran, M., and Llasat, M. C., 2010: Preliminary results of the Social Impact Research Group of MEDEX: the request database (2000-2002) of two Meteorological Services, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 10, 2643–2652, doi: 10.5194/nhess-10-2643-2010.
  • - Barnolas, M. and Llasat, M. C., 2007: A flood geodatabase and its climatological applications: The case of Catalonia for the last century, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 7, 271–281, doi: 10.5194/nhess-7-271-2007.
  • - Calvet, J. C., Noilhan, J., Roujean, J. L., Bessemoulin, P., Cabelguenne, M., Olioso, A., and Wigneron, J. P., 1998: An interactive vegetation SVAT model tested against data from six contrasting sites, Agric For Meteorol, 92, 73–95, doi: 10.1016/S0168-1923(98)00091-4.
  • - Chancibault, K., Anquetin, S., Ducrocq, V., and Saulnier, G. M., 2006: Hydrological evaluation of high-resolution precipitation forecasts of the Gard flash-flood event (8-9 September 2002), Q J R Meteorol Soc, 617, 1091–1117, doi: 10.1256/qj.04.164.
  • - Ducrocq, V., Roussot, O., Béranger, K., Braud, I., Chanzy, A., Delrieu, G., Drobinski, P., Estournel, C., Ivancan-Picek, B., Josey, S., Lagouvardos, K., Lionello, P., Llasat, M. C., Ludwig, W., Lutoff, C., Mariotti, A., Montanari, A., Richard, E., Romero, R., Ruin, I., and Somot, S., 2010: HyMeX International Science Plan, http://www.hymex.org/public/documents/HyMeX_Science_Plan.pdf.
  • - Gibelin, A. L., Calvet, J. C., Roujean, J. L., Jarlan, L., and Los, S. O., 2006: Ability of the land surface model ISBA-A-gs to simulate leaf area index at the global scale: Comparison with satellites products, J Geophys Res, 111, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006691.
  • - Grignon, L., Smeed, D. A., Bryden, H. L., and Schroeder, K., 2010: Importance of the variability of hydrographic preconditioning for deep convection in the Gulf of Lion, NW Mediterranean, Ocean Science, 6, 573–586, doi: 10.5194/os-6-573-2010.
  • - Guzzetti, F. and Tonelli, G., 2004: SICI: an information system on historical landslides and floods in Italy, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 4, 213–232, SRef–ID:1684–9981/nhess/2004–4–213.
  • - Habets, F., Boone, A., Champeaux, J. L., Etchevers, P., Franchisteguy, L., Leblois, E., Ledoux, E., Le Moigne, P., Martin, E., Morel, S., Noilhan, J., Quintana-Seguí, P., Rousset-Regimbeau, F., and Viennot, P., 2008: The SAFRAN-ISBA-MODCOU hydrometeorological model applied over France, J Geophys Res, 113, D06 113, doi: 10.1029/2007JD008548.
  • - Iglesias, A., Garrote, L., Flores, F., and Moneo, M., 2006: Challenges to Manage the Risk of Water Scarcity and Climate Change in the Mediterranean, Water Resour Manag, 21, 775–788, doi: 10.1007/s11269-006-9111-6.
  • - Iglesias, A., Garrote, L., Cancelliere, A., Cubillo, F., and Wilhite, D. A., 2009: Coping with Drought Risk in Agriculture and Water Supply: Drought Management Guidelines for the Mediterranean, Springer.
  • - Jansà, A., 1997: A general view about Mediterranean meteorology: cyclones and hazardous weather. Proceedings of the INM/WMO International Symposium on Cyclones and Hazardous Weather in the Mediterranean, Palma de Mallorca, Instituto Nacional de Meteorología and Universitat de les Illes Balears, 3342.
  • - Jansà, A., Genovés, A., Riosalido, R., and Carretero, O., 1996: Mesoscale cyclones vs heavy rain and MCS in the Western Mediterranean, MAP Newsletter, 5, 245.
  • - Jansà, A., Arbogast, P., Doerenbecher, A., Garcies, L., Genovés, A., Homar, V., Klink, S., Richardson, D., and Sahin, C., 2011: A new approach to sensitivity climatologies: the DTS.MEDEX-2009 campaign, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 11, 2381–2390, doi: 10.5194/nhess-11-2381-2011.
  • - Jansà, J. M., 1966: Meteorología del Mediterráneo Occidental. Tercer Ciclo de Conferencias, desarrollado en el Instituto Nacional de Meteorología durante el año 1964, Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, Madrid, series A (Memorias) 43.
  • - Kerr, Y., Waldteufel, P., Wigneron, J. P., Cabot, F., Boutin, J., Escorihuela, M. J., Font, J., Reul, N., Gruhier, C., Juglea, S., Delwart, S., Drinkwater, M., Hahne, A., and Martín-Neira, M., 2010: The SMOS mission: new tool for monitoring key elements of the global water cycle, P IEEE, 98, 666–687, doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2010.2043032.
  • - Llasat, M. C., 2009: Chapter 18: Storms and floods. In The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean basin. Edited by Jamie Woodward, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-926803-0, pp. 504-531.
  • - Llasat, M. C., Barriendos, M., Barrera, A., and Rigo, T., 2005: Floods in Catalonia (NE Spain) since the 14th century. Climatological and meteorological aspects from historical documentary sources and old instrumental records, J Hydrol, 313, 32–47, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2005.02.004.
  • - Llasat, M. C., López, L., Barnolas, M., and Llasat-Botija, M., 2008: Flash-floods in Catalonia: the social perception in a context of changing vulnerability, Advances in Geosciences, 17, 63–70, doi: 10.5194/adgeo-17-63-2008.
  • - Llasat, M. C., Llasat-Botija, M., and López, L., 2009: A press database on natural risks and its application in the study of floods in northeastern Spain, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 9, 2049–2061, doi: 10.5194/nhess-9-2049-2009.
  • - López-Moreno, J. I., Vicente-Serrano, S. M., Moran-Tejeda, E., Zabalza, J., Lorenzo-Lacruz, J., and García-Ruiz, J. M., 2011: Impact of climate evolution and land use changes on water yield in the ebro basin, Hydrol Earth Syst Sci, 15, 311–322, doi: 10.5194/hess-15-311-2011.
  • - Ludwig, W., Bouwman, A. F., Dumont, E., and Lespinas, F., 2010: Water and nutrient fluxes from major Mediterranean and Black Sea rivers: Past and future trends and their implications for the basin-scale budgets, Glob Biogeochem Cycle, 24, GB0A13, doi: 10.1029/2009GB003594.
  • - Mariotti, A., Struglia, M. V., Zeng, N., and Lau, K. M., 2002: The Hydrological Cycle in the Mediterranean Region and Implications for the Water Budget of the Mediterranean Sea, J Climate, 15, 1674–1690, doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(2002)015<1674:THCITM>2.0.CO;2.
  • - Marshall, J. and Schott, F., 1999: Open ocean convection: observations, theory, and models, Rev Geophys, 37, 1–64, doi: 10.1029/98RG02739.
  • - Neppel, L., Bouvier, C., Vinet, F., and Desbordes, M., 2003: Sur l’origine de l’augmentation des inondations en région méditerranéenne, Revue des Sciences de l’Eau, 16, 475–494, doi: 10.7202/705519ar.
  • - Quintana-Seguí, P., Le Moigne, P., Durand, Y., Martin, E., Habets, F., Baillon, M., Canellas, C., Franchisteguy, L., and Morel, S., 2008: Analysis of Near-Surface Atmospheric Variables: Validation of the SAFRAN Analysis over France, J Appl Meteorol Climatol, 47, 92–107, doi: 10.1175/2007JAMC1636.1.
  • - Quintana-Seguí, P., Martin, E., Habets, F., and Noilhan, J., 2009: Improvement, calibration and validation of a distributed hydrological model over France, Hydrol Earth Syst Sci, 13, 163–181, doi: 10.5194/hess-13-163-2009.
  • - Quintana-Seguí, P., Habets, F., and Martin, E., 2011a: Comparison of past and future Mediterranean high and low extremes of precipitation and river flow projected using different statistical downscaling methods, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 11, 1411–1432, doi: 10.5194/nhess-11-1411-2011.
  • - Quintana-Seguí, P., Turco, M., and Llasat, M. C., 2011b: Implementation of a distributed model for the simulation of the past, present and future water balance of the NE Iberian Peninsula, Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13, 6700–6700.
  • - Quiroga, S., Garrote, L., Iglesias, A., Fernández-Haddad, Z., Schlickenrieder, J., de Lama, B., Mosso, C., and Sánchez-Arcilla, A., 2011: The economic value of drought information for water management under climate change: a case study in the Ebro basin, Nat Hazards Earth Syst Sci, 11, 643–657, doi:10.5194/nhess-11-643-2011.
  • - Ruin, I., Creutin, J. D., Anquetin, S., and Lutoff, C., 2008: Human exposure to flash-floods relation between flood parameters and human vulnerability during a storm of September 2002 in Southern France, J Hydrol, 361, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.07.044.
  • - Turco, M., Quintana-Seguí, P., Llasat, M. C., Herrera, S., and Gutiérrez, J. M., 2011: Testing MOS precipitation downscaling for ENSEMBLES regional climate models over Spain, J Geophys Res, 116, doi: 10.1029/2011JD016166.
  • - Woodward, J. C., 2009: The physical geography of the Mediterranean, Oxford University Press.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License


Indexed in Scopus, Thomson-Reuters Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scientific Commons, Latindex, Google Scholar, DOAJ, ICYT (CSIC)

Partially funded through grants CGL2007-29820-E/CLI, CGL2008-02804-E/, CGL2009-07417-E and CGL2011-14046-E of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation