vertical planes

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2011.8.02

Tethys no. 8 pp.: 13 - 20

Abstract

The SMARTS2 model has been used to estimate UV erythemal radiation (UVER) integrated on a horizontal plane and on vertical planes oriented north and south. The values obtained using the model were compared with experimental data provided by three radiometers YESUVB-1 located on these planes. To quantify the results, the statistical parameters considered were mean deviation, mean absolute deviation and root mean square deviation (RMSD).

References

  • - Chandrasekhar, S., 1950: Radiative transfer, Oxford Univ. Press, UK. Republished by Dover, New York, USA (1960).
  • - CIE, 2000: Erythema Reference Action Spectrum and Standard Erythema Dose, Commission Internationale de l’ Éclairage Publications, Vienna, ISO 17166 CIE S 007 / E, CIE Standard., 4 pp.
  • - Estellés, V., Martínez-Lozano, J. A., Utrillas, M. P., and Campanelli, M., 2007: Columnar aerosol properties in Valencia (Spain) by ground-based Sun photometry, J Geophys Res, 112, doi: 10.1029/2006JD008167.
  • - Esteve, A. R., Marín, M. J., Martínez-Lozano, J. A., Tena, F., Utrillas, M. P., and Cañada, J., 2006: UV index on tilted surfaces, Photochem Photobiol, 82, 1047–1052, doi: 10.1562/2005-11-30-RA-743.
  • - Frederick, J. E. and Lubin, D., 1988: The budget of biologically active radiation in the earth atmosphere system, J Geophys Res, 93, 3825–3832, doi: 10.1029/JD093iD04p03825.
  • - Gueymard, C. A., 1995: Simple Model of the Atmospheric Radiative Transfer of Sunshine, version 2 (SMARTS2): Algorithms description and performance assessment, Report FSEC-PF-270-95, Florida Solar Energy Center.
  • - Gueymard, C. A., 2005a: Interdisciplinary applications of a versatile spectral solar irradiance model: A review, Energy, 30, 1551–1576, doi: 10.1016/S0360-5442(04)00224-5.
  • - Gueymard, C. A., 2005b: User’s manual SMARTS, Solar consulting services, USA.
  • - Holben, B., Eck, T., Slutsker, I., Tanré, D., Buis, J., Setzer, A., Vermote, E., Reagan, J., Kaufman, Y., Nakajima, T., Lavenu, F., Jankowiak, I., and Smirnov, A., 1998: AERONET-a federate instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization, Rem Sens Environ, 66, 1–16, doi: 10.1016/S0034-4257(98)00031-5.
  • - ICNIRP, 2004: Guidelines on limits of exposure of UV radiation, Health Phys, 87, 171–186, International Commission on Non–Ionizing Radiation Protection.
  • - Madronich, S., 1987: Photodissociation in the atmosphere. Part 1. Actinic flux and the effect of ground reflections and clouds, J Geophys Res, 92, 9740–9752.
  • - Martínez-Lozano, J. A., Marín, M. J., Tena, F., Utrillas, M. P., Sánchez-Muniosguren, L., González, C., Cuevas, E., Redondas, A., Lorente, J., de Cabo, X., Cachorro, V., Vergaz, R., de Frutos, A., Díaz, J. P., Expósito, F. J., de la Morena, B., and Vilaplana, J. M., 2002: UV Index experimental values during the years 2000 and 2001 from the Spanish broadband UVB radiometric network, Photochem Photobiol, 76, 181–187.
  • - McKinlay, A. F. and Diffey, B. L., 1987: A reference spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin, CIE Journal, 6, 17–22.
  • - Meyer, B., Seckmeyer, G., and Kylling, A., 1997: Systematic longterm comparison of spectral UV measurements and UVSPEC modelling results, J Geophys Res, 102, 8755–8766.
  • - Parisi, A. V. and Kimlin, M. G., 1999: Horizontal and sun-normal spectral biologically effective ultraviolet irradiances, J Photochem Photobiol B-Biol, 53, 70–74, doi: 10.1016/ S1011-1344(99)00128-1.
  • - Pérez, R., Ineichen, P., Seals, R., and Zelenka, A., 1990: Making full use of the clearness index for parametering hourly insolation conditions, Sol Energy, 45, 111–114.
  • - Ricchiazzi, P., Yang, S., Gautier, C., and Sowle, D., 1998: SBDART: A research and teaching software tool for plane-parallel radiative transfer in the Earth’s atmosphere, Bull Amer Meteorol Soc, 79, 2101–2114, doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(1998)079<2101:SARATS>2.0.CO;2.
  • - Scotto, J., Cotton, G., Urbach, F., Berger, D., and Fears, T., 1988: Biologically effective ultraviolet radiation: surface measurements in the United States. 1974 to 1985, Science, 239, 762–764, doi: 10.1126/science.3340857.
  • - Serrano, D., Marín, M. J., Utrillas, M. P., Tena, F., and Martínez-Lozano, J. A., 2010: Measurement and modelling of global erythemal irradiance on inclined planes, Tethys, 7, 57–66, doi: 10.3369/tethys.2010.7.05.
  • - Shettle, E. P. and Fenn, R. W., 1979: Models for the aerosol of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties, AFGL-TR-79-0214, Environmental Res. Paper no. 676, Hanscom AFL, MA.
  • - Utrillas, M. P., Boscá, J. V., Martínez-Lozano, J. A., nada, J. C., Tena, F., and Pinazo, J. M., 1998: A comparative study of SPECTRAL2 and SMARTS2 parameterised models based on spectral irradiance measurements at Valencia, Spain, Solar Energy, 63, 161–171, doi: 10. 1016/ S0038-092X(98)00058-9.
  • - Utrillas, M. P., Marín, M. J., Esteve, A. R., Tena, F., Cañada, J., and Martínez-Lozano, J. A., 2007: Diffuse UVER radiation experimental values, J Geophys Res, 112, doi: 10.1029/ 2007JD008846.
  • - Utrillas, M. P., Marín, M. J., Esteve, A. R., Estellés, V., Tena, F., Cañada, J., and Martínez-Lozano, J. A., 2009: Diffuse ultraviolet erythematic irradiance (UVER) on inclined planes: a comparison of experimental and modelled data, Photochem Photobiol, 20, 1245–1253, doi: 10.1111/ j.1751-1097.2009.00573.x.
  • - Utrillas, M. P., Martínez-Lozano, J. A., and Nuñez, M., 2010: Ultraviolet radiation protection by a beach umbrella, Photochem Photobiol, 86, 449–456, doi: 10.1111/j.1751- 1097.2009.00677.x.
  • - Vilaplana, J. M., Cachorro, V. E., Sorribas, M., Luccini, E., de Frutos, A. M., Berjón, and de la Morena, B., 2006: Modified calibration procedures for a Yankee Environmental System UVB-1 biometer based on spectral measurements with a Brewer spectrophotometer, Photochem Photobiol, 82, 508–514, doi: 10.1562/2005-06-23-RA-590.
  • - Weihs, P., 2002: Influence of ground reflectivity and topography on erythemal UV radiation on inclined planes, Int J Biometeorol, 46, 95–104.
  • - WMO, 1986: A preliminary Cloudless Standard for Radiation Computation,World Climate Programme, WCP-112. WMO/TDNo. 24. WMO (World Meteorological Organization), Geneva, Switzerland.
  • - WMO, 1998: Report of the WMO-WHO Meeting of Experts on Standardization of UV Indices and Their Dissemination to the Public, WMO Global Atmosphere Watch No. 127, WMO/TD No. 921. WMO (World Meteorological Organization), Geneva.


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License


Indexed in Scopus, Thomson-Reuters Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scientific Commons, Latindex, Google Scholar, DOAJ, ICYT (CSIC)

Partially funded through grants CGL2007-29820-E/CLI, CGL2008-02804-E/, CGL2009-07417-E and CGL2011-14046-E of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation
Syndicate content