extreme rainfall

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2011.8.10

Tethys no. 8 pp.: 101 - 117

Abstract

This paper examines the role of a recently described warm season circulation at the middle troposphere of northern Africa and that of the recirculation-accumulation mode of the Western Mediterranean Basin (WMB) in the initiation of rainfall episodes in central and eastern Europe. Both of these atmospheric mechanisms can accumulate not only soil dust and pollutants for several days but also water vapour by evaporation both over the subtropical Atlantic and the western and central Mediterranean. Accumulation layers are vented off into the surrounding area after the irruption of perturbations.

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DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2011.8.01

Tethys no. 8 pp.: 3 - 12

Abstract

The Potential Distribution model can describe at once the probability distribution and temporal distribution of rainfall. It also allows the incorporation of the dependence of the probability with the number of independent stations. This paper analyzes the probability distribution and temporal distribution of extreme rainfall in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country using daily data from 43 stations, with an average of 31 active stations between 1961 and 2000.

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