precipitación

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2018.15.15

Tethys núm. 15 pág.: 3 - 17

Resumen

Este estudio utiliza el “Weather Research and Forecasting model” (WRF) y el sistema de asimilación tridimensional de datos variacionales (WRF 3DVAR), en arranques fríos y calientes, con el objetivo de encontrar un método apropiado de predicción inmediata que habría mejorado el pronóstico de la precipitación máxima asociada al sistema convectivo de mesoescala que se produjo en Cataluña (NE de España) el 21 de marzo de 2012 a las 20 UTC.

Palabras clave: WRF, 3DVAR, radar, precipitación

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2017.14.02

Tethys núm. 14 pág.: 10 - 22

Resumen

El presente estudio se llevó a cabo en la cuenca del Cheliff en Argelia, para evaluar la gravedad de la sequía y analizar la importancia de la tendencia espacio-temporal de las precipitaciones anuales durante el período de 1914 a 2011. En este estudio, la serie de precipitaciones de ocho estaciones fueron sujetas al análisis del índice de precipitación estandarizado (SPI), a pruebas de homogeneidad, y al análisis de tendencias y suavizado exponencial para hacer una predicción de lluvia a corto plazo.

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2015.12.01

Resumen

Varios productos de precipitación utilizan radiancias y reflectancias obtenidas del sensor SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager) para estimar la precipitación de caracter convectivo. Es sabido que el uso directo de estos valores en algoritmos de precipitación sobreestiman el área y subestiman la intensidad de precipitación.

Referencias

  • - Derrien, M., 2013: Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for “Cloud Products” (CMa-PGE01 v3.2, CT-PGE02 v2.2 & CTTHPGE03 v2.2), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 87 pgs.
  • - Gutiérrez, J. M. y Aguado, F., 2006: Quality image for the Spanish National Radar Composition, Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Barcelona, 18-22 September 2006.
  • - Hong, Y., Hsu, K. L., Sorooshian, S. y Gao, X., 2004: Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Imagery using Artificial Neural Network-Cloud Classification System, J Appl Meteorol, 43, 1834–1853, doi: 10.1175/JAM2173.1.
  • - Jansà, A., Campins, J., Picornell, M. A., y Guijarro, J. A., 2014: Heavy rain and strong wind events over Spain during HyMeX SOP1, Tethys, 11, 25–38, doi: 10.3369/tethys.2014.11.03.
  • - Joyce, R., Janowiak, J., Arkin, P., y Xie, P., 2004: CMORPH: A method that produces global precipitation estimates from passive microwave and infrared data at high spatial and temporal resolution, J Hydrometeor, 5, 487–503, doi: 10.1175/1525-7541(2004)005%3C0487:CAMTPG%3E2.0.CO;2.
  • - Kidd, C., 1998: On rainfall retrieval using polarization-corrected temperatures, Int J Remote Sens, 19, 981–996, doi: 10.1080/014311698215829.
  • - Knap, W. H., Stammes, P., y Koelemeijer, R. B. A., 2000: Discriminating between water and ice clouds using near-infrared AVIRIS measurements, Proceedings of the 9th AVIRIS Earth Science and Applications Workshop, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA, 23-25 February 2000.
  • - Kummerow, C., Hong, Y., Olson, W., y Yang, S., 2001: The evolution of the Goddard profiling algorithm (GPROF) for rainfall estimation from passive microwave sensors, J Appl Meteorol, 40, 1801–1820, doi: 10.1175/1520-0450(2001)040%3C1801:TEOTGP%3E2.0.CO;2.
  • - Lensky, I. y Rosenfeld, D., 2006: The time-space exchangeability of satellite retrieved relations between cloud top temperature and particle effective radius, Atmos Chem Phys, 6, 2887–2894, doi: 10.5194/acp-6-2887-2006.
  • - Levizzani, V., Schmetz, J., Lutz, H. J., Kerkmann, J., Alberoni, P. P., y Cervino, M., 2001: Precipitation estimations from geostationary orbit and prospects for METEOSAT Second Generation, Meteorol Appl, 8, 23–41, doi: 10.1017/S1350482701001037.
  • - Marcos, C. y Rodríguez, A., 2013a: Validation Report for “Convective Rainfall Rate” (CRR-PGE05 v4.0), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 21 pgs.
  • - Marcos, C. y Rodríguez, A., 2013b: Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for “Precipitation products from Cloud Physical Properties” (PPh-PGE14: PCPh v1.0 & CRPh v1.0), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 40 pgs.
  • - Marcos, C. y Rodríguez, A., 2013c: Validation Report for “Precipitation products from Cloud Physical Properties” (PPh-PGE14: PCPh v1.0 & CRPh v1.0), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 26 pgs.
  • - Miller, S. W., Arkin, P. A., y Joyce, R., 2001: A combined microwave/infrared rain rate algorithm, Int J Remote Sens, 22, 3285–3307, doi: 10.1080/01431160152609155.
  • - Nakajima, T. y King, M., 1990: Determination of the optical thickness and effective particle radius of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements. Part I: Theory, J Atmos Sci, 42, 1878–1893, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047%3C1878:DOTOTA%3E2.0.CO;2.
  • - Nauss, T. y Kokhanovsky, A. A., 2007: Advances in Geosciences Assignment of rainfall confidence values using multispectral satellite data at mid-latitudes: first results, Advances in Geosciences, 10, 99–102.
  • - Rodríguez, A. y Marcos, C., 2013a: Product User Manual for the “Convective Rainfall Rate” (CRR - PGE05 v4.0), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 28 pgs.
  • - Rodríguez, A. y Marcos, C., 2013b: Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for “Convective Rainfall Rate” (CRR-PGE05 v4.0), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 36 pgs.
  • - Roebeling, R. y Holleman, I., 2009: SEVIRI rainfall retrieval and validation using weather radar observations, J Geophys Res, 114, D21 202, doi: 10.1029/2009JD012102.
  • - Roebeling, R., Feijt, A. J., y Stammes, P., 2006: Cloud property retrievals for climate monitoring: Implications of differences between Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) on METEOSAT-8 and Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on NOAA-17, J Geophys Res, 111, D20 210, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006990.
  • - Rosenfeld, D. y Gutman, G., 1994: Retrieving microphysical properties near the tops of potential rain clouds by multispectral analysis of AVHRR data, Atmos Res, 34, 259–283, doi: 10.1016/0169-8095(94)90096-5.
  • - Smith, E. A., Lamm, J. E., Adler, R., Alishouse, J., Aonashi, K., Barrett, E., Bauer, P., Berg, W., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Ferriday, J., Goodman, S., Grody, N., Kidd, C., Kniveton, D., Kummerow, C., Liu, G., Marzano, F., Mugnai, A., Olson, W., Petty, G., Shibata, A., Spencer, R.,Wentz, F.,Wilheit, T., y Zipser, E., 1998: Results of WetNet PIP-2 project, J Atmos Sci, 55, 1483–1536, doi: 10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055%3C1483:ROWPP%3E2.0.CO;2.
  • - Tapiador, F. J., Kidd, C., Levizzani, V., y Marzano, F. S., 2004: A maximum entropy approach to satellite quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), Int J Remote Sens, 25, 4629–4639, doi: 10.1080/01431160410001710000.
  • - Tapiador, F. J., Turk, J., Petersen, W., Hou, A., García-Ortega, E., Machado, L., Angelis, C., Salio, P., Kidd, C., Huffman, G., y Castro, M., 2012: Global precipitation measurement: Methods, datasets and applications, Atmos Res, 104-105, 70–97, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2011.10.021.
  • - Thoss, A., 2008: Validation Report for “Precipitating Clouds” (PCPGE04 v1.4), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 29 pgs.
  • - Thoss, A., 2013a: Product User Manual for SAFNWC/MSG “Precipitating Cloud” (PC-PGE04 v1.5), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 18 pgs.
  • - Thoss, A., 2013b: Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for SAFNWC/MSG “Precipitating Cloud” (PC-PGE04 v1.5), Available at www.nwcsaf.org, 21 pgs.

DOI: 10.3369/tethys.2013.10.05

Resumen

La clasificación cluster de orígenes en un emplazamiento del noreste de la península Ibérica indicó que durante el período invernal prolongado (de diciembre a marzo, DEFM), las rápidas corrientes de aire del Atlántico corresponden al índice WeMO (WeMOi) positivo, mientras que el WeMOi negativo está asociado a las circulaciones mediterráneas. La cantidad de precipitación invernal estaba inversamente relacionada con el WeMOi invernal.

Referencias

  • - Artz, R., Pielke, R. A., y Galloway, J., 1985: Comparison of the ARL/ATAD constant level and the NCAR isentropic trajectory analyses for selected case studies, Atmos Environ, 19, 47–63, doi: 10.1016/0004-6981(85)90135-0.
  • - Àvila, A., 1996: Time trends in the precipitation chemistry at a mountain site in Northeastern Spain for the period 1983-1994, Atmos Environ, 36, 2881–2890, doi: 10.1016/1352-2310(95)00472-6.
  • - Àvila, A. y Rodà, F., 2012: Changes in atmospheric deposition and streamwater chemistry over 25 years in undisturbed catchments in a Mediterranean environment, Sci Total Environ, 434, 18–27, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.11.062
    .
  • - Calbó, J., Sanchez-Lorenzo, A., Barrera-Escoda, A., y Cunillera, J., 2012: Climate change projections for Catalonia (NE Iberian Peninsula). Part II: Integrating several methodologies, Tethys, 9, 13-24, doi: 10.3369/tethys.2012.9.02.
  • - Cusack, M., Alastuey, A., Pérez, N., y Querol, X., 2012: Trends of particulate matter (PM2,5) and chemical composition at a regional background site in the Western Mediterranean over the last nine years (2002-2010), Atmos Chem Phys, 12, 8341–8357.
  • - Dayan, U. y Lamb, D., 2003: Meteorological indicators of summer precipitation chemistry in central Pennsylvania, Atmos Environ, 37, 1045–1055, doi: 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00992-5.
  • - Draxler, R. R. y Rolph, G. D., 2003: HYSPLIT (HYbrid Single-Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory) Model access via NOAA ARL READY website (http://www.arl.noaa.gov/ready/hysplit4.html), NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, Silver Spring, MD.
  • - EEA, 2012: Air quality in Europe - 2012 report, European Environment Agency’s Topic Centre for Air and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC/ACM), Copenhagen, Denmark, 10 pp.
  • - Escudero, M., Stein, A., Draxler, R. R., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Castillo, S., y Avila, A., 2006: Determination of the contribution of northern Africa dust source areas to PM10 concentrations over the central Iberian Peninsula using the Hybrid Single. Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model (HYSPLIT) model, J Geophys Res, 111, D06 210, doi: 10.1029/2005JD006395.
  • - Escudero, M., Querol, X., Avila, A., y Cuevas, E., 2007: Origin of the exceedances of the European daily PM limit value in regional background areas of Spain, Atmos Environ, 41, 730-744, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.09.014.
  • - Fagerli, H. y Aas,W., 2008: Trends of nitrogen in air and precipitation: Model results and observation at EMEP sites in Europe, 1980-2003, Environ Pollut, 154, 448–461, doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2008.01.024.
  • - Fowler, D., Smith, R., Muller, J., Cape, J. N., Sutton, M., Erisman, W. E., y Fagerli, H., 2007: Long term trends in sulphur and nitrogen deposition in Europe and the cause of non-linearities, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 7, 41–47, doi: 10.1007/s11267-006-9102-x.
  • - Gonzalez-Hidalgo, J. C., Lopez-Bustins, J. A., Stepánek, P., Martin-Vide, J., y de Luis, M., 2009: Monthly precipitation trends on the Mediterranean fringe of the Iberian Peninsula during the second-half of the twentieth century (1951-2000), Int J Climatol, 29, 1415–1429, doi: 10.1002/joc.1780.
  • - Harrison, R. M. y Pio, C., 1983: Size differentiated composition of inorganic aerosol of both marine and continental polluted origin, Atmos Environ, 17, 1733–1738, doi: 10.1016/0004-6981(83)90180-4.
  • - IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007. The Physical Science Basis, Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K.B., Tignor, M., Miller, H.L. (Eds.), Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  • - Izquierdo, R. y Àvila, A., 2012: Comparison of collection methods to determine atmospheric deposition in a rural Mediterranean site (NE Spain), J Atmos Chem, 69, 351–368, doi: 10.1007/s10874-012-9246-1.
  • - Izquierdo, R., Àvila, A., y Alarcón, M., 2012: Trajectory statistical analysis of atmospheric transport patterns and trends in precipitation chemistry of a rural site in NE Spain in 1984-2009, Atmos Environ, 61, 400–408, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.07.060.
  • - López-Bustins, J. A., Martin-Vide, J., y Sánchez-Lorenzo, A., 2008: Iberia winter rainfall trends based upon changes in teleconnection and circulation patterns, Global and Planetary Change, 63, 171–176, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.09.002.
  • - Lovett, G. M., 1994: Atmospheric deposition of nutrients and pollutants in North America: an ecological perspective, Ecol Appl, 4, 629–650, doi: 10.2307/1941997.
  • - Millán, M. M., Artíñano, B., Alonso, L. A., Navazo, M., y Castro, M., 1991: The effect of meso-scale flows on regional and long-range atmospheric transport in the Western Mediterranean area, Atmos Environ, 25, 949–963, doi: 10.1016/0960-1686(91)90137-V.
  • - Millán, M. M., Salvador, R., Mantilla, E., y Kallos, G., 1997: Photo-oxidant dynamics in the Mediterranean basin in summer: results from European research projects, J Geophys Res, 102, 8811–8823, doi: 10.1029/96JD03610.
  • - Pérez, N., Pey, J., Castillo, S., Viana, M., Alastuey, A., y Querol, X., 2008: Interpretation of the variability of levels of regional background aerosol in the Western Mediterranean, Sci Total Environ, 407, 527–540, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.006.
  • - Pey, J., Pérez, N., Castillo, S., Viana, M., Moreno, T., Pandolfi, M., López-Sebastián, J. M., Alastuey, A., y Querol, X., 2009: Geochemistry of regional background aerosols in the Western Mediterranean, Atmos Res, 94, 422–435, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.07.001.
  • - Pey, J., Pérez, N., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Cusack, M., y Reche, C., 2010: Intense Winter atmospheric pollution episodes affecting the Western Mediterranean, Sci Total Environ, 408, 1951–1959, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.01.052.
  • - Prado-Fiedler, R., 1990: On the relationship between precipitation amount and wet deposition of nitrate and ammonium, Atmos Environ, 24, 3061–3065, doi: 10.1016/0960-1686(90)90484-5.
  • - Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Rodríguez, S., Viana, M. M., Artíñano, B., Salvador, P., Mantilla, E., García do Santos, S., Fernandez-Patier, R., de la Rosa, J., Sanchez de la Campa, A., Menéndez, M., y Gil, J. J., 2004: Levels of PM in rural, urban and industrial sites in Spain, Sci Total Environ, 334-335, 359–376, doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.04.036.
  • - Rodríguez, S., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., y Mantilla, E., 2003: Events affecting levels and seasonal evolution of airborne particulate matter concentrations in the Western Mediterranean, Environ Sci Technol, 37, 216–222, doi: 10.1021/es020106p.
  • - Salvador, P., Artíñano, B., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., y Costoya, M., 2007: Characterisation of local and external contributions of atmospheric
    particulate matter at a background coastal site
    , Atmos Environ, 41, 838–845, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.08.007.
  • - Seinfeld, J. A. y Pandis, S. N., 1998: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change, JohnWiley and Sons, Inc., New York.



Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons.


Indexados en Scopus, Thomson-Reuters Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scientific Commons, Latindex, Google Scholar, DOAJ, ICYT (CSIC)

Financiado parcialmente por las Acciones Complementarias CGL2007-29820-E/CLI, CGL2008-02804-E/, CGL2009-07417-E y CGL2011-14046-E del Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación del Gobierno de España



newnewnew
Syndicate content